Wiener Neustadt – the former imperial city

I wrote this guide in 2005. As the hosting site is closing, I am moving it here.
2218120-towns_coat_of_arms_on_the_arms_depot_entrance_wiener_neustadt
A little bit of History

In 1194 The Babenberg Duke Leopold V founded “Nova Civitas” in the Valley Between the Rosalien river and Leitha Mountains. A part of the ransom money of the English King Richard the Lionheart was used for the construction of this new city. The town became a significant bastion against Hungarians – a good start for the development of craft and other trades that originated at that time.
The town’s most important building – the Parish Church ( Pfarrkirche ) – dates back to the beginning of the 13th century and was made a cathedral in 1469. The four-towered castle complex in the south-east of the town also originates from the 13th century.
In the 15th century the town enjoyed its cultural , political and economic heyday as the residence of Emperor Friedrich III. The frequent presence of the emperor attracted a series of important personages to Wiener Neustadt, triggering off brisk building activity in the town.
In August 1487 the Hungarian king Matthias Corcinius succeeded in conquering Wiener Neustadt after almost two years of siege – Th Corvinius goblet, a gift from the Hungarian monarch to the “valiant” population, is a relic of these times. Not until three years later did the young king Maximilian I , Friedrich III’s son, manage to recapture his hometown.
In 1752 Empress Maria Theresia opened a “military college for nobility” at the castle – which later became the Military Academy, Austria’s only training facility for officers. In 1998, the courses in the oldest military Academy in the world, received a higher education status
Wiener Neustadt, the former imperial city, is the second largest city of Niederosterreich / Lower Austria /situated at 265 above sea level has more than 37 000 inhabitants.
Once upon a time the whole town was surrounded by fortified walls, from which you can still see the remains today, aswell as the towers that were guarding the corners.

In april 1945 over 52 000 bombs were dropped over the town, making it Austria’s most heavily hit target. because of its importance in the war industry in the production of planes and locomotives.
When you walk today through Wiener Neustadt , just remember that the people of this town have a very special skill – despite adverse circumstances, always to start and achieve what seems to be impossible….
As a result to raise the status of education and further training, Wiener Neustadt is now the town with the most schools in Lower Austria. A wide range of renowned establishments, grammar schools, vocational collges, Conservatory and the Military Academy underscore the town’s status.
The present “Civitas ‘Nova” project demostrates the importance of the economic factor – it represents a new town district with an international business park , offering future-oriented companies everything they expect to find at a modern business location.

out of Town’s history

Town’s history

2223471-towns_history_wiener_neustadtIn the 16th century Wiener Neustadt lost its importance as royal residence. The original function of a Bastion against the east , was accomplished just once – in 1487 against the troups of the Hungarian king Matthius Corvinius.
In the year 1752, Maria Theresia founded in the Royalty castle a Militar Academy that became soon the most famous Academy for officers of the Monarchy.

Page built july 2005

I am just visiting by a friend

Wiener Neustadt Center

I am just visiting by a friend, but aslong as I’m here , I might just dig out some info about the town and put it on VT for the future generations….

2187556-wiener_neustadt_center_wiener_neustadt22 juni 2005 First Impressions; Wiener Neustadt is a lazy little austrian town , some 44 km from Vienna. Life is flowing at a slow pace as people sit around cafes in the town center or take theit kids for a walk…
19 juli 2005 – I was taking a walk in the streets around the main square today…Amazing , I’m almost a month here, and the more I get to know from this town , the more interesting it gets….I was taking pics of some buildings that were destroyed by the bombardments of the second World War and rebuilt afterwards.
31 juli 05 – Thanxx to VT member lasseg I’ve found out that next year the city of Wiener Neustadt will host whe world masters orienteering champonship 2006

Wiener Neustadt Official Webpage

at http://www.herold.at you can order the yellow and white pages for the area

Pros and Cons

In a nutshell:A place with glorious past

Military Academy of Emperess Maria Theresa

2223542-military_academy_of_emperess_maria_theresa-wiener_neustadtFormerly the castle of the provincal princess. Built in the 13th century, this castle, defended by four towers, originally belonged to the sovereign, and was expanded during the 15th century to become residence of the Habsburg Emperor Frederick III. During the mid 15th century, the Chapel of St George was built into the western section of the castle.The Gothic hall church features valuable glass paintings and a wall covered with coats of arms. The Emperor Maximilian I was born here in 1459. He was buried in the Chapel of St.George in 1519. Maria Theresa chose the castle in 1752 as the site of her newly founded military academy. The earthquake of 1768 destroyed all but the north-western tower ( the “Rakoczy Tower” – Rakocky meaning Austrian in czech language ). The castle has continued to house the Theresian Military Academy to this day, excepting the periods of 1919 to 1934 and 1938 to 1958. Extensively damaged by bombs during the Second World War, Rebuilding work began on the castle and the St George cathedral in 1963, in accordance with the original plans.
2375923-military_academy_of_emperess_maria_theresa-wiener_neustadt
Visiting is possible Monday to Friday – 8.00 to 11.00h and 14.00 to 16.00h
for groups please call 02622/381, klappe 2031
For single visitors, register by the guards at the South door of the park

Address: Grazer strasse

Phone: 02622/381, klappe 2031

Website: http://www.bundesheer.at

The hedquarters of the secret police – GESTAPO

2375489-the_hedquarters_of_the_secret_police_gestapo-wiener_neustadtIn this house were located during the nazi occupation ( 1938 – 1945) the headquarters of the secret citypoliceman – GESTAPO ( originating from GEheimen STAatsPOlizei ). Here were tortured for their democratic and freedom beliefs or their opposition to the Hitler regime countless to be sent at the end in concentration camps and in jails ,where many of them lost their lives…

The house is presently transformed into a Youth Hostel

Directions: In the park on the right side of the Water tower

Casemates

2224799-casemates-wiener_neustadtBetween 1551 and 1557 a subterranean system of “casemates” was constructed along the southwest town wall for storing ammunition, following plans made by architect Johann Tscherte. The entrance to the casemates , a mighty Renaissance portal, is crowned with a stone dated 1557 which bears the coat-of-arms of Austria,Tyrol and Wiener Neustadt

Address: Bahngasse 27

City Wall

2224771-city_wall-wiener_neustadtThe city walls built between the end of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th century were partly financed by ransom money paid for the release of the English King Richard the Lionheart. Some of the stones of this wall are joined in the form of “opus spicatum” ‘(spicated stone work).

Address: J.v.Nepomuk square

Directions: on the back of St Peter an der Sperr / City Museum

Town Hall

2206391-town_hall-wiener_neustadtEarliest town records date from 1401. The Gothic town hall was remodelled in Renaissance style between the the second half of the 16th century and early 17th century. After the great fire in 1834, a neo-gothic spire was added to the hall’s tower ( originally built in 1590) and the building’s facade was redesigned in the classical style. The coats of arms on the facade originally came from the town gates, which were dismantled in 1860.
Innside you can take a look at a scale model of the town as it was before, when it was all surrounded by fortified walls.

Address: Hauptplatz

Mary’s Column on the Main Square – Mariensäule2223216-marys_column_on_the_main_square_mariensu00e4ule-wiener_neustadt

The column was comissioned by the bishop of Wiener Neustadt, Count Leopold Kollonitsch to commemorate the marriages of Emperor Leopold I’s sisters held in the Chirch of St George of Wiener Neustadt Castle in 1678 and present Military academy. The Balustrade surmounted with statutes of the ” Plague Saints” was added in 1714.
P.S . Due to reconstruction , Mary was taken away to a safer place I guess

Address: Hauptplatz

The Old Crown Pharmacy

2224731-the_old_crown_pharmacy-wiener_neustadtAlte Kronen Apotheke
The firts mention of this pharmacy, as a regional pharmacy in Lower Austria dates back to the 16th century.

Address: Hauptplatz

Provostry

2224746-provostry-wiener_neustadtIn the early 13th century, this building served as the great hall for the Barenberg Duke Leopold VI, From 1469 to 1785 it was Episcopal Residence, and today it is used as a provostry. The Chapel of St Catherine dominates the front section and contains the crypt of Count Franz Anton Puchheim ( died in 1718 ) , Bishop of Neustadt. He also built the Baroque gate, embelishing it with his coat of arms.

Address: Domplatz

Wiener Neustadt Canale Grande

2229972-wiener_neustadt_canale_grande-wiener_neustadtSomewhere in the outskirts you will find the Canale Grande of Wiener Neustadt.
It’s a good place to go fishing, canoeing with your family, cycling on the side…
If you follow that water path, it will take you all the way to Vienna !!!

Directions: Near the industrial Zone and not that far from the graveyard.
Water Tower

2224785-water_tower-wiener_neustadtThe Water Tower was built in 1909/10 to plans by the Viennese architects Theiss and Jansch. The architects may have been inspired by the famous “Corvinus Cup” of Wiener Neustadt – they designed the tower (which soon became a well known symbol of the town) in the stylised shape of a lidded goblet.

Directions: some 50 m from the Military Academy at the crossroad of Burgplarz with Neukirchner strasse and Maria-Theresien-Ring

“Cemetary Gates”

2230026-Cemetary_Gates-Wiener_Neustadt.jpg“Cemetary Gates” …..a great song by Panthera
Take a walk in this garden of peace….
The Cemetary is open for visitors as it follows
april, september and october – 6.00 till 19.00h
may till august – 6.00 till 20.00h
november till march 7.00 till 18.00h
on the 31 october, 1 november, 2 november and 24 and 31 december the cemetary doors are open till 22.00h

Gothic Path Pillar ” The Spinner at the cross”

2229981-gothic_path_pillar_the_spinner_at_the_cross-wiener_neustadtGothic Path Pillar ” The Spinner at the cross”
Donated at the end of the 14th century by the Wiener Neustadt city judge, that later became the city’s governor – Wolfahrt von Schwarzensee.
Is considered to be the work of the herzog architect Michael Knab.
Has been restaured many times, for the last time under the reign of governor Peter Wittmann in 1993/94 with funds from “association for conservation of Spinnerin am Kreuz”

Directions: Straight otside of the Main door of the Graveyard

The Old Crown Pharmacy

Alte Kronen Apotheke
The firts mention of this pharmacy, as a regional pharmacy in Lower Austria dates back to the 16th century.

Address: Hauptplatz

2224248-st_peter_an_der_sperr_city_museum-wiener_neustadt

St Peter an Der Sperr / City Museum

This former Dominican church and convent, dating from the 13th century, was handed over to the Dominican Monks in 1444 and was remodelled by the imperial architect and master builder Peter von Pusica sometime after the middle of the 15th century. It contains a remarkable Gothic portal on the south side. First the Monastery was secularised in the 16th century, followed later in the 18th century by the church. From 1964 to 1992, the former monastery housed the municipal archives. In 1994 the city museum moved into the old monastery building as well as into an extention built in 1992/ 93. The restored church has been used for art exhibitions since 1966.

Address: Petersgasse

City Theater

2224243-city_theater-wiener_neustadtFormer church of the Carmelite Monastery ( 1678 – 1782) after being secularised under Emperor Joseph II in 1792/ 94 was turned into a theater. Since 1974 it has been a Municipal Theater

Address: Herzog Leopold Strasse

 

Church and Monastery of Neukloster

2239503-church_and_monastery_of_neukloster-wiener_neustadtBuilt in 13 century as a monastery church for the Dominicans.Served as a Domenican church between 1444 and 1544 than was transferred to the Cistercians until 1574 by Emperor Frederick III.This Gothic hall of the church was built during the 15th century,and has a precious baroque interior. The grave of Elcanor of Portugal (died in 1467) ,wife of empror Frederick III, is situated behind the high altar. (altar piece – “Assumption of the Virgin” by Anton Schoonjans) .The church has a library, chapter hall and a refectory decorated with ceiling frescoes by Johann Bergl.
Damaged during the earthquake in 1768

Address: Neuklostergasse

Directions: Around the center

2223686-jewish_tombstones-wiener_neustadt

Jewish Tombstones from 13 and 14 century

Jewish Tombstones

These Jewish Tombstones were found when the old fortifications were razed in 1846. They originally belonged to the Jewish Cemetary which was used until 1496 and was situatec outside of the city walls. The tombstones embedded in the western city wall date from the 13th and 14th century.

Address: Town Park

Directions: In The Town Park, opposite to Hotel Corvinius

Cathedral “Dom”

It is the first thing that attracts your attention when arriving by train to Wiener Neustadt – The white towers of the cathedral that can be seen from afar.

2230366-our_cultural_promenade_starts_with_the_cathedral-wiener_neustadtThe late Romanesque cathedral was consecrated in 1279. In the 14th century, the Romanesque apse was replaced by a Gothic transept and a Gothic choir. From 1469 to 1785, it served as an Episcopal cathedral.
Situated next to the Bridal gate (“Brauttor”) are the tombstones of the two magnates Zriny and Frangepany, executed in 1671. At the end of the 15th century the nave was decorated with wooden statues of the Twelve Apostles, created by a local artist Lorenz Fuchsberger, who also produced the Annunciation group under the triumphal arch. The early Baroque pulpit was donated by Cardinal Melchior Klesl who administrated the diocese from 1588 until 1630. His Memorial tablet is located in the choir, the CArdinal’s bust is said to be the work of G.L. Bernini.The late Baroque high altar by Gianbettino Cignaroli depicts the Assumption of the Virgin Mary. Due to its dilapidated state, the entire western part of the Cathedral had to be razed in 1886 but was rebuilt in accordance with the original plans between 1892 and 1899.2375461-our_cultural_promenade_starts_with_the_cathedral-wiener_neustadt
Do you know the fisherman’s towers in Budapest? My mind made a strange reference with them while I was watching the Cathedral – maybe because it’s white…

More details from the Dom

Address: Domplatz

Directions: follow the white towers

Circle “1522”

2223389-circle_1522-wiener_neustadtThe circle marks the place where the scaffold was said to have stood during the “bloody assizes” that were held in Wiener Neustadt ( Wiener Neustadt Blutgericht) in 1522. The most prominent members of the new corporate government, constituted against the will of Emperor Maximilian I and of his successor Ferdinand I, were beheaded on this spot, including the Mayor of Vienna , Dr Martin Siebenbürger.

Address: Hauptplatz

Directions: By the flower market

Surveyor’s Reference Points for the Town

2223393-surveyors_reference_points_for_the_town-wiener_neustadtThis was the point calculated by surveyor Erwin Reidinger, from which the town was marked out when it was founded in 1192. Historians date the founding of Wiener Neustadt back to 1194.

Address: Hauptplatz

The fortified walls

2223369-the_fortified_walls-wiener_neustadtOnce upon a time the whole town was surrounded by fortified walls, from which you can still see the remains today, aswell as the towers that were guarding the corners.
The fortified walls near the Parking at Grazer strasse

Address: Grazer strasse

The Red Cross Building
2206281-the_red_cross_building-wiener_neustadtNot quite sure why there are yellow ( first aid )helicopters fling over the town all day long. Is Wiener neustadt some kind of medical emergency center?…

The Dom by night

2223298-the_dom_by_night-wiener_neustadtIt’s always nice to see the night face of buildings.

Here’s a story about the Dom – I went innside with a friend just before the closing hour, and I was kinda surprised to see a fully dressed in leather motorrider to pop up behind the altar and walk in the hall. I realezed afterwards that this was the preacher , getting ready to leave his workplace and fly on his motorbike to an unknown to me destination. He was very patient with us as he saw we were taking a look at the altars and tombstones, and said ” Take your time, most people use the cathedral as a shortcut through the sqare and don’t pay attention at the innside anyways…” Ummm no comment here….

Address: Domplatz

2219470-flower_market_on_the_main_square-wiener_neustadt

Flower Market on the main Square

On the main square you will find the flower market, just make sure you are there before they close – this is somewhere around 19h

Address: Hauptplatz

2221593-open_air_sculpture_exhibition_on_the_main_square-wiener_neustadt

Open Air Sculpture exhibition on the Main Square

 

Address: Hauptplatz

Main Square

2375985-main_square-wiener_neustadtThe Wiener Neustadt center is a pedestrian only area. In the heart of the main square there is a monument that is presently in reconstruction, surrounded by cafes, shops and galleries. Sculpture exhibition of modern art will be decorating one of the sides of the square all summer long.
1juli05

Address: Hauptplatz

 

Lokomotiv Factory of Wiener Neustadt - Wiener Neustadt

Lokomotiv Factory of Wiener Neustadt

Lokomotive “Fanny” G4

This little locomotive, produced in 1870 in the Lokomotiv Factory of Wiener Neustadt, for internal transport purposes was in 1973 turned into a monument of Gratitude to the industry.

Directions: crossroad of Pottendorfer strasse and Stadionallee

Church and Residence St Leopold of the Jesuits

2204080-church_and_residence_st_leopold_of_the_jesuits-wiener_neustadtBetween 1737 and 1745 a church and presbytery residence were built on the outskirts of Wiener Neustadt and then donated to the Jesuits by the Turkish Family Zungaberg / Czonkabeg who had converted to Catholicism .After the Order’s abolition in 1773 the Jesuit Residence became a military hospital. From 1904 to 1992 it hosted the municipal museum. The town archives were moved in 1992 in the Baroque building on its left side.

P.S. – It is is the first time I hear somebody turning from Islam to Catholicism!!!

Address: Wiener Strasse

2206297-sity_archive_stadtsarchiv-wiener_neustadtCity Archive


A Flower Shop in Front of a Church
2187578-a_flower_shop_in_front_of_a_church-wiener_neustadtThe Flowers are flowing from the windows and around the door , inundating you with colors and beauty and aromas

Evil Woman

2187669-a_billboard_on_the_streets_of_wiener_neustadt-wiener_neustadt

Devil Woman on a Bilboard
I just loved the woman and decided 2 share ..hehehehehe
I just figured out this is an ad for a magazine with tests!!! All sorts of them

2187711-the_house_for_old_people-wiener_neustadtThe House for Old People looks like a seaside hotel. Well maintained and decorated with flowers.

Rememberance about the war and the concentration

2187675-rememberance_about_the_war_and_the_concentration-wiener_neustadt“Always Somebody!
Always Somewhwere!
Always Someday!

NOT ME?
NOT HERE ?
NOT NOW ?

…..this is something that makes you think……
29 juni 05

2247132-calc_in_water-wiener_neustadtCalc in water

Not really a warning , but maybe a danger in long term. The tab water has alot of calc in it .
Not very tasty either.

Youth Hostel Europahaus

2375489-the_hedquarters_of_the_secret_police_gestapo-wiener_neustadtYouth Hostel
Check in daily between 5,30 pm and 7,30pm in the office in the second floor or call 06648738633 to make an arrangement. Between 12 and 15 euros perb bed depending on the room.
My friend stayed there ,actually you can check in even later – we went after 22h as far as I remember . Just call the owner in advance – he’s really a nice guy . Beds are clean , rooms are with very high ceilings – I think they were 4 m high….a house for giants. Cental room to hang out…..

Unique Qualities: In this house were located during the nazi occupation ( 1938 – 1945) the headquarters of the secret citypoliceman – GESTAPO ( originating from GEheimen STAatsPOlizei ). Here were tortured for their democratic and freedom beleifs or their opposition to the hitler regime countless to be sent at the end in the concentration camps and in jails ,where many of them lost their lives…

Directions: Find the Water tower – the hotel is in the City Park just accross the street, some 50m away

Phone: 06648738633

Price: less than US$20

Theme: Hostel
Trachenstube: Austrian female costumes

And for their mommies….
Located in the pedestrian area of the center ,vis a vis with the city theater ,the Shop for Local costumes is nice to visit. The clothes are not cheap ,but it’s because they are mostly hand made . It’s a good souvenir to bring home.Lace, cotton ,edelweiss , it’s all blent together to make it pretty.

Address: Herzog Leopold Strasse ,20

Theme: Women’s Clothes

 

Tracht'en gwand'l fur Madl und Bua - Wiener Neustadt

Tracht’en gwand’l fur Madl und Bua

Tracht’en gwand’l fur Madl und Bua: traditional austrian costumes for kids

The name is in spoken Dialect, and means Costumes for girlies and boys .
Austrians love to wear traditional costumes , and you will be seing people or couples and their kids dressed up in their fashion . Especially for kids, it looks sweet as hell…
working hours – tuesday – friday 9-12h and 14-18h , on saturday 9-12h

Directions: Across the Building of the red cross

Merkur Shopping center - Wiener Neustadt

Merkur Shopping center

Mercur Shopping center

Here you have under one roof a grocery store, pharmacy, post office, book store, newspaper kiosque, household furniture and accessories, clothes , shoes and sports shop, a cafe, a restaurant and a radio station

Theme: Food and Drink

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